Jun. 4—When Tatiana Anguay came home to Maui after college on the mainland, she had no idea that years later she'd be living in the same house with four generations of her family.
When Tatiana Anguay came home to Maui after college on the mainland, she had no idea that years later she'd be living in the same house with four generations of her family.
Anguay, 31, and her 8-year-old daughter, Sofia, have their own studio unit in the larger family home in Kahului she shares with her parents, grandparents and 20-year-old sister.
"Obviously I didn't expect to live there so long term but with how high rent is and home costs, it was a lot easier, " she said.
Since her grandparents, now in their 80s, purchased the modest two-bedroom, one-bathroom home in the mid-'70s, the house was expanded over the years to create a four-bedroom living space on the bottom floor, three bedrooms and a bathroom upstairs, and Anguay's studio.
It's a situation not unfamiliar to the more than 44, 500 households in Hawaii with three or more generations living under one roof, according to the latest data on household characteristics from the 2020 census.
"Lots of communication, " said Anguay, a construction consultant for a solar company, when asked how they manage their multigenerational living arrangement. "Everyone's gotta have a say in everything that happens in the household because everyone has financial parts of it. The good thing with how old it is and how long they've lived here is that the paying off part is done ; it's just the maintenance and being able to keep up with the bills and the electric."
Another benefit, she added, is that her daughter is growing up surrounded by her kupuna.
"It makes babysitting a lot easier and it's also cheaper. Being able to rely on the people that live with you to accommodate you is such an awesome blessing."
With high housing costs and a strong sense of ohana, Hawaii once again leads the nation in multigenerational households, with 9 % of the state's 490, 267 households comprising three or more generations, according to the census data released May 25.
That's up from 8.8 % in 2010 and 8.2 % in 2000. Nationally, multigenerational households make up 7.2 % of total U.S. households ; California was second behind Hawaii at 7.3 %.
Barbara DeBaryshe, interim director and specialist at the University of Hawaii's Center on the Family, said living with extended family is often an economic necessity given the state's high cost of housing, "but it is also a characteristic strength of our communities."
"Living together can support intergenerational bonds, make it easier to care for very young or elderly family members, and enrich the lives of family members through their daily shared experiences, " she said.
The census data for Hawaii also reflects the traditional household structures of Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, Filipino, Chinese and other Asian families, according to Chief State Economist Eugene Tian with the Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism.
Sixteen percent of Hawaii households that identified as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander alone on the 2020 census form had three or more generations living together, the highest share among the race groups. Of Asian-alone households, 11.1 % were multigenerational, as were 10.7 % of "two or more races " households.
Although not included in the latest release from the 2020 census, separate data from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey showed that when grouped together, Native Hawaiians and part Hawaiians had the highest increase in multigenerational households, from 26 % in 2010 to 33 % in 2020, according to Sarah Yuan, a specialist with the UH Center on the Family.
The ACS data also showed that "middle-income " groups earning $93, 000 to $119, 000 for a family of four had the highest percentage of multigenerational households in 2020 at 35 %, Yuan said, and the largest percentage increase in multigenerational living, of 8 percentage points.
Coupled households Evidence of Hawaii's growing population of older residents can be found in the 2020 data indicating that nearly 40 % of all households in the state included someone age 65 or older, an increase of more than 9 percentage points from 2010, while at the same time, 31.5 % of households included children under the age of 18, a drop of almost 3 percentage points.
Married-couple households, which totaled 240, 160, made up nearly half of all local households, a small decline from 2010. Although cohabitation has become more commonplace, especially among young adults, unmarried-couple households were much less prevalent, numbering 34, 254 and comprising only 7 % of all Hawaii households in 2020.
In both instances—married and unmarried—coupled households without children under the age of 18 were more numerous than those with children. The 2020 data indicated that 35.4 % of married couples in Hawaii were living with minor children, down more than 4 percentage points from 2010.
For cohabiting couples, 33 % were living with keiki under the age of 18.
DeBaryshe said the decline in married couples with minor children is due in part to Hawaii's aging population and lower birthrate, "with more adults deciding not to become parents." And with more unmarried parents living together, "the share of married-parent households will decline even if children are living with both parents."
She added that whether parents are married or not is of less importance to their children.
"It's not the piece of paper—the marriage license—that makes a difference, " according to DeBaryshe. "It's the stability and quality of the relationship between the adults in the kids' lives."
Overall, married couples with children comprised 17.3 % of total households in Hawaii, a decline of nearly 3 percentage points across the decade.
Same-sex couples In the first census since the U.S. Supreme Court legalized same-sex marriage in 2015, the tally showed that same-sex households made up 2.2 % of Hawaii's 274, 414 "coupled households, " and 1.2 % of total households.
Nationally, same-sex couples made up 1.7 % of coupled households and 0.9 % of total households.
A breakdown of the coupled households in Hawaii revealed an overwhelming majority were opposite-sex married couples (86.1 %), followed by opposite-sex unmarried couples (11.6 %), same-sex married couples (1.3 %) and same-sex unmarried couples (0.8 %), according to the census data.
Both married and unmarried same-sex couples were pretty much evenly split between male-male and female-female pairings.
Hawaii, which legalized same-sex marriage in 2013, was among the four states with the highest concentrations of same-sex married couples (nearly 0.8 % of total households ) and among 14 states with the highest percentage of same-sex unmarried couples (almost 0.5 %).
"It has been only a little more than 10 years since same-sex civil unions, and shortly thereafter, same-sex marriages were legalized in our state. Hawaii may be seen as a relatively welcoming place for same-sex couples and LGBTQ people in general, " DeBaryshe said. "Pacific cultural traditions respect mahu, and Hawaii has avoided the controversy over issues such as health care and the representation of diversity that are happening in some mainland states."
The District of Columbia had the largest share of same-sex married couple households (1.4 % of all households ), and North Dakota and South Dakota had the smallest (0.2 %). The District of Columbia also had the highest percentage of same-sex unmarried households (1.2 %), while Idaho, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming had the lowest (0.2 %).
Other newly released data from the 2020 census offered additional details of Hawaii households :—Single-male householders with children under the age of 18 numbered 7, 752, or 1.6 % of total households. The 16, 628 single-female householders with minor keiki comprised 3.4 %.—A total of 48, 841 grandchildren under the age of 18 lived in their grandparents' home, or 3.4 % of the state's population.—Nearly one-quarter of Hawaii households, or 24 %, consisted of one person living alone, compared with 27.6 % for the U.S. as a whole.—The percentage of 65-and-older Hawaii households in which the person lived alone increased by nearly 3 percentage points, to 10.8 % in 2020 from 8.1 % in 2010.
In this Data Gem, you will learn a few tricks about how to access these data for tracts and blocks using two easy-to-use tools: data.census.gov and the 2020 Census Demographic Map Viewer. You will have access to population, race, Hispanic origin, housing occupancy, and group quarters population data.What are the 9 questions on the 2020 Census? ›
- Relationship to Person 1.
- Date of birth.
- Hispanic origin.
|Population, Census, April 1, 2020||1,455,271|
|Population, Census, April 1, 2010||1,360,301|
|Age and Sex|
|Persons under 5 years, percent|| 5.7%|
- Census.gov /
- Decennial Census of Population and Housing /
- By Decade /
- 2020 Census Decade /
Visit data.census.gov often, and tell us how we can make Census Bureau data easier to access by emailing your comments to firstname.lastname@example.org. Issued September 2019 Step 1: Locate the tables that you want. Click on the Download button.Is the 2020 Census public record? ›
Decennial census records are confidential for 72 years to protect respondents' privacy. Records from the 1960 to 2020 censuses can only be obtained by the person named in the record or their heir after submitting form BC-600 or BC-600sp (Spanish).What was special about the 2020 Census? ›
The 2020 Census showed that the adult (age 18 and older) population group grew 10.1% to 258.3 million people over the decade. “More than three-quarters, 77.9%, of the U.S. population were age 18 and over,” said Andrew Roberts, chief of the Sex and Age Statistics Branch in the Census Bureau's Population Division.What were the full results of the 2020 Census? ›
2020 Census Apportionment Results
The 2020 Census apportionment population for the 50 states is 331,108,434. The apportionment population is the sum of the resident population for the 50 states (330,759,736) and the overseas population for the 50 states (348,698).
2020 Post-Census Group Quarters Review is unique to the 2020 Census because of the challenge of counting group quarters populations during the pandemic. The 2020 Post-Enumeration Survey provides an estimate of the undercount or overcount results for each state and by census operation.How many people moved out of Hawaii in 2020? ›
Oʻahu had a net loss of 31,682 people from 2020 to 2022 due to domestic migration. The island also gained 5,617 international migrants. The net population decreased by 20,868 residents.
At $83,102, the State of Hawaii's median household income ranked the 5th highest in the nation. Household income includes the incomes of all people living in the home, whether they are related or not.What is the state of Hawaii census data? ›
On July 1, 2021, the resident population for the State of Hawaii was 1,447,154. On July 1, 2022, the resident population for the State of Hawaii was 1,440,196.How accurate is the 2020 Census data? ›
The Census Bureau's own research on data quality has concluded that the national total in the 2020 census was largely accurate, but has estimated miscounts for some states and demographic groups.Can you search census records for free? ›
View digitized Census Records online through one of our partners, ancestry.com or familysearch.org. (Familysearch.org is free-of-charge. Ancestry.com is available free-of-charge at the National Archives facilities nationwide and through many libraries, otherwise by subscription.)What is the summary file 1 for the 2020 Census? ›
Summary File 1 (SF 1) contains the data compiled from the questions asked of all people and about every housing unit. Population items include sex, age, race, Hispanic or Latino origin, household relationship, household type, household size, family type, family size, and group quarters.What is the easiest way to get census data? ›
The QuickFacts data access tool provides users with easy access to a variety of statistics. Data.census.gov provides data on population, race, age, education, income, and businesses for the largest and smallest geographic entities including ZIP codes.How do I access census block data? ›
However, you can access geographic information, such as the state, county, tract number, block number, and block group number, about a particular address using the Census Geocoder. The Geocoder can be accessed at https://geocoding.geo.census.gov/geocoder/geographies/address?form.How do I site census data? ›
- U.S. Census Bureau as the author.
- Name of the database or other data repository/source (e.g., data.census.gov), set off by quotation marks, or follow publication citation style;
- The name of the person who generates the tabulation, etc., e.g., "generated by John Smith;"
Because of a 72-year restriction on access to the Census, the most recent year available is 1950. The 1950 Census was released on April 1, 2022. The National Archives has the census schedules available from 1790 to 1950, and most have now been digitized by our digitization partners.Which census records are missing? ›
Most of the 1890 census' population schedules were badly damaged by a fire in the Commerce Department Building in January 1921.
All U.S. Census Bureau materials, regardless of the media, are entirely in the public domain. There are no user fees, site licenses, or any special agreements etc for the public or private use, and or reuse of any census title.What was the error in the 2020 Census results? ›
National Coverage Results
The PES found that the 2020 Census had neither an undercount nor an overcount for the nation. It estimated a net coverage error of -0.24% (or 782,000 people) with a standard error of 0.25% for the nation, which was not statistically different from zero.
- The census determines where resources go — and don't go. ...
- The census impacts political pull. ...
- The census helps communities plan for the future. ...
- The census is the statistical foundation of Casey's KIDS COUNT efforts.
We completed data collection for the 2020 Census on October 15, 2020. Every decennial census makes history, but this was like no other in living memory. Over the coming days, weeks and months, we will provide periodic updates on our post-processing efforts.How many 2020 Census blocks? ›
|FIPS State Code||Name||Number of 2020 Census Blocks|
OMB requires five minimum categories (White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander) for race. OMB permits the Census Bureau to also use a sixth category - Some Other Race. Respondents may report more than one race.What did the 2020 Census reveal about diversity? ›
The 2020 census results made clear that racial and ethnic diversity is more pronounced for the nation's youth than the adult population. For the first time, more than half of the child (under age 18) population identifies with a nonwhite group.What will make the 2020 Census easier than ever? ›
The 2020 Census is the first time everyone has the option to respond to the census online as well as by phone or mail. The Census Bureau has an Internet Self-Response tool designed to make it easy to complete the questionnaire online and keep responses secure.Is Hawaii gaining or losing population? ›
HONOLULU (KITV4) - The state's chief economist said Hawaii's population has decreased for the past seven years with 15,000 people moving away in 2022. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, on average almost 20 people left the state every day last year.What state do most Hawaiians move to? ›
According to 2021 population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, the biggest growth of Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander populations was in Clark County, Nevada, which includes Las Vegas, and Sacramento County, California.
That's according to a study by the Grassroot Institute of Hawaii, which found the biggest reason people are moving away is the cost of housing and taxes, as well as government regulations. "We're seeing local families that have lived here for generations unable to stay in Hawaii.What is a livable salary in Hawaii? ›
To live comfortably in Hawaii, an annual income of around $70,000 to $100,000 for a single person, or $120,000 to $200,000 for a family is recommended. Is it expensive to live in Hawaii? Yes, Hawaii is known for its high cost of living due to factors such as housing, groceries, utilities, and transportation.What is the top 1 income in Hawaii? ›
- Top 1% income threshold:$453,471.
- Top 5% income threshold:$212,622.
The state with the lowest barrier of entry to becoming middle-class is Arkansas, where an average annual income of $40,928 is enough. The state with the highest middle-class income is Hawaii, where you haven't made it unless you earn at least $122,695 per year.What is Hawaii's main source of income? ›
Tourism is Hawaii's largest industry.What is the majority race in Hawaii? ›
Retrieved May 31, 2023, from www.marchofdimes.org/peristats. In Hawaii in 2020, 10.9% of the total population was Hispanic, 21.4% were white, 1.9% were black, 0.2% were American Indian/Alaska Native and 45.6% were Asian/Pacific Islander.What percent of Hawaii is Japanese? ›
The first Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii in 1885. On February 8, 1885, about 900 Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii. The Japanese would quickly become one of the island kingdom's largest ethnic groups. Today, about 14% of Hawaii's population has Japanese ancestry.Is the census 100% accurate? ›
At least, statistically speaking — its estimate of a “net coverage error” of –0.24 percent with a standard error of 0.25 percent basically amounts to zero statistical error. Accurately gauging a population of some 331 million people is no small feat.Is a census more accurate than a sample? ›
Essentially, data collected through a census is more accurate as it takes the entire population into account while the data collected through sampling is close to real information but has a scope for error since the information is collected from a sample population.Did census blocks change in 2020? ›
These products consist of 2020 Census geography with the newly created 2020 Census blocks and updated block groups, census tracts, voting districts, and current boundaries for legal governments and school districts referenced to Jan. 1, 2020.
April 2, 2012. The U.S. government will not release personally identifiable information about an individual to any other individual or agency until 72 years after it was collected for the decennial census.Can I trace my family tree for free? ›
FamilySearch is the world's largest free genealogy website with a global index of millions of births, marriages and deaths, plus millions of UK parish records and indexes to workhouse records, land tax assessments, school records, court books, manorial records and more.Is census data public or private information? ›
Your responses to the 2020 Census are safe, secure, and pro- tected by federal law. Your answers can only be used to produce statistics—they cannot be used against you in any way. By law, all responses to U.S. Census Bureau household and business surveys are kept completely confidential.What is the summary file 2 of the 2020 census? ›
Summary File 2 (SF 2) contains the data compiled from the questions asked of all people and about every housing unit. SF 2 includes population characteristics, such as sex, age, average household size, household type, and relationship to householder such as nonrelative or child.What percent of Americans are people of color? ›
|White alone, percent|| 75.8%|
|Black or African American alone, percent(a)|| 13.6%|
|American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)|| 1.3%|
|Asian alone, percent(a)|| 6.1%|
The National Archives and Records Administration is responsible for making census records publicly available. Records are available at National Archives facilities and many large public and university libraries.What is the latest US Census available to public? ›
Because of a 72-year restriction on access to the Census, the most recent year available is 1950. The 1950 Census was released on April 1, 2022. The National Archives has the census schedules available from 1790 to 1950, and most have now been digitized by our digitization partners.How can you access census data? ›
View digitized Census Records online through one of our partners, ancestry.com or familysearch.org. (Familysearch.org is free-of-charge. Ancestry.com is available free-of-charge at the National Archives facilities nationwide and through many libraries, otherwise by subscription.)How do you get population data from the census? ›
Data.census.gov provides data on population, race, age, education, income, and businesses for the largest and smallest geographic entities including ZIP codes. The Census Business Builder is a suite of services that provides selected demographic and economic data from the Census Bureau.What is the best website for population statistics? ›
The U.S. Census Bureau is the leading source of statistical information about the nation's people.
While many data tables are now available in data.census.gov, you can browse and download additional data tables by topic and year.Is the US Census available online? ›
Online access is available through our digitization partners (free at any National Archives facility) as well in the National Archives Catalog (selected census years). See our Census Resources page to search the digitized records on our and partners' websites.When was the last census completed? ›
The 2010 United States census was the previous census completed.When was the last census done? ›
Response to the survey is required by law because the American Community Survey is part of the decennial census, replacing the "long form" that previously was sent to a percentage of households once every 10 years.What happens every 10 years? ›
The U.S. census counts every resident in the United States. It is mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution and takes place every 10 years.Where can I find local demographic data? ›
- 2020 Census Data | U.S. Census Bureau.
- data.census.gov (formerly American Fact Finder) | U.S. Census Bureau.
- Virginia-specific data. Quick Facts Demographic Data | U.S. Census Bureau. ...
- National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) | Minnesota Population Center.
- Historical Census Data.
Census blocks, the smallest geographic area for which the Bureau of the Census collects and tabulates decennial census data, are formed by streets, roads, railroads, streams and other bodies of water, other visible physical and cultural features, and the legal boundaries shown on Census Bureau maps.How do you find the population sample? ›
- Simple random sampling. In this case each individual is chosen entirely by chance and each member of the population has an equal chance, or probability, of being selected. ...
- Systematic sampling. ...
- Stratified sampling. ...
- Clustered sampling.